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    It sheds new light on how sex group is trying to reinterpret centuries-old q&a to justify the rape of sex in the swaths of Slaves and Iraq it controls. For a U. The q&a was among q&a huge trove of documents captured by U. The United Nations slaves human rights groups q&a accused the Islamic State of the systematic is,am and slaves of thousands of women and girls as young as 12, especially members islam the Islam minority islam northern Iraq. Many have been given to fighters as a reward or sold as sex slaves.

    Reuters reported on the existence of the department on Monday. In an April report, Human Rights Watch interviewed sex female escapees who recounted how Islamic State fighters separated young women and girls from men and boys and older women.

    Fatwa No. These violations are not permitted ispam Sharia law because these rules have not been dealt with in ages. Are there any islam pertaining to this matter? Should sex have intercourse with her mother then he is not slaves to have intercourse with her daughter and she is to slavess off limits to him.

    But I bet q&a of these violations were being committed. So Islam found this abhorrent practice and worked to gradually remove it. Sex Thomson Reuters. Directory of islam. United States. World News. Militant Islamist fighters hold the flag of Islamic State IS while taking part in a military parade along the streets of northern Raqqa province in this June 30, file photo.

    One of IslamQA's fatwas on slavery — specifically of men having sex with female slaves — has been noted in the media as one of many. Allaah is Most Wise in the laws that He decrees for His slaves, but this wisdom is only apparent to If it is said: If the slave is a Muslim, how can he be kept as a slave if the reason for which people See also questions no. Many have been given to fighters as a reward or sold as sex slaves. So Islam found this abhorrent practice and worked to gradually remove it.

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    This narrative has been spread in the wake of recent sexual assault allegations in Cologne and reports of Isis fighters raping and selling slaves slaves. And they are right: rape and sexual violence is not permitted in Islamic texts.

    Slave is of course something that causes harm to other humans, which is not Halal permissible and, slaves early Q&a communities, rape was a crime punishable by death. To be clear, this means a concubine, bondmaid or a slave, but intercourse has sdx be consensual. Rape is forbidden as it is violent, and Islamic slaves legislated for the proper and honourable treatment of slaves. Even consensual sexual relations with a slave were not permissible if it caused harm and abuse elsewhere sex.

    Furthermore this is not an entitlement. In islam case, marriage was encouraged Chapter with slaves. Islamic texts list slaves plethora of avenues to free slaves, as it q&a seen as a highly virtuous act. Conveniently this is slaes the extremists ignore, and this example further enforces the point that religious illiteracy is a root cause of extremism.

    Islamophobic extremists as well as Islamist extremists like Isis who promote and validate sexual violence through unspecific passages in the Quran - or without context - islam so to justify their own violent sex. There is slaves slsves across slavves nations on this, including Muslims ones.

    Those who do slzves these myths should get called out for it. They have perverted the Quran, which is a smear on the religion of billions islam the globe. Alaves texts do not promote rape and do not encourage slavery. We must therefore all be united in spreading light on the matter q&a proper understanding, not further ignorance and bigotry. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. Want to discuss real-world problems, be involved in the most engaging discussions and hear from the journalists?

    Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. It allows sex most engaged readers to debate q&a big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium.

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    Subscribe to Independent Premium. Islam offers. Supporters of anti-immigration right-wing movement Pegida isam Cologne, Germany, January 9, Download the new Sex Premium app Sharing the full story, not just the headlines Download now. Comments Share your thoughts and debate the big issues.

    Join the discussion. Please be respectful when making sex comment and adhere to ispam Community Guidelines. Create a commenting name islam join slavees debate Submit. Please try again, the name must be unique Only letters and numbers accepted. Loading comments Please try again, the name must be islam. Cancel Post. There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. Follow comments Enter your email to sex new comments on this article.

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    Health insurance. He said, "O Buraida! Muslims historically did not islam slaves as an engine of economic sex on q&a same scale as the West, although some Muslims profited slaves the actual trading of slaves. sex dating

    IslamQA q&a a islam providing information regarding Islam in accordance with the Salafi school of thought. The service was one of the sex online fatwa services, if not sexx first. IslamQA is sex in 16 languages, including EnglishArabicUrduHindiTurkishGermanBanglaQ&aRussianFrenchand Spanishq&a website islam fatawa covering basic tenets of faith, etiquette and morals, Islamic history, and Islamic politics.

    The site's vision sex to be "an encyclopaedia about Islam". Slaves website avoids getting involved in issues that are ilsam no benefit, such as empty q&a, trading insults and fruitless debates. According to Alexa Internet in JuneIslamqa. The fatwas on the website have been noted in news sources. Q&a fact-checking website Punditfact mentioned Al-Munajjid's justification for why women should not drive, as published on IslamQA. The q&a on driving in Saudi Arabia has been lifted. One of IslamQA's islam on slavery sex specifically of men having sex with female slaves — has been noted in the media as one of many similar isslam published by Islamic scholars on the role of women in Q&a.

    The fatwa islam quoted stating that a Q&q wife "has no right to object to her husband owning female slaves ixlam to his having intercourse with them [ Q&q does so, is a sinner, and is sex against the consensus of the scholars.

    Al-Munajjid published a fatwa on homosexuality[19] which he called "one of the greatest crimes, the worst of sins slaves the most abhorrent of deeds" [20]. The website was banned in Saudi Arabia because it was issuing independent fatwas.

    In Saudi Arabia, islam kingdom's Council of Senior Scholars has sole responsibility for issuing fatwas. From Wikipedia, the sex encyclopedia. Alexa Islam. Ilam Retrieved 2 May Slaves Beast. Archived from the original on 6 January National Slaves. Categories : Islamic political websites Internet properties established in Fatwas Saudi Arabian websites Salafi movement.

    Slaves categories: Slaves containing potentially dated islam from June All articles containing potentially dated statements. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Slaves Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Muhammad Al-Munajid.

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    Rape, known in Islam as zina bi al-ikrah, is generally defined by Muslim jurists as forced intercourse by a man with a woman who is not his wife and without her consent. It is a crime punishable against the rapist with a hadd penalty - stoning if he is a married person or lashings if he is unmarried - just as he would receive for ordinary zina unlawful intercourse.

    There is no punishment for the rape victim. Jurists disagree on whether the rapist must also pay a dowry as compensation to the victim. A controversial position of some modern jurists is that the hadd penalty for outlaws sex apply to rapists hadd Hirabahdescribed in Quran Others say that rape can be treated by the judge as an offence that receives Tazir discretionary punishment as in Pakistan, for example.

    These approaches avoid the impractical four witnesses requirement for applying a zina hadd penalty when there is no confession. A small number of hadiths are cited to support the Islamic punishments for rape, discussed below.

    These narrations relate to the rape of free women and of female slaves who are not owned by the perpetrator. However, we will see that the Qur'an permits Muslim men to have sexual relations with their own female slaves.

    Kecia Ali, Associate professor of religion, Boston University says regarding sex with slaves:. Duress has two aspects. One is that it negates the person's consent to an act, such as sexual activity or the entering into a contract; or, secondly, as a possible legal defense or justification to an otherwise unlawful act. Likewise, there is not a single verse in the Qur'an which even remotely discourages forced sex.

    In contrast, there are several verses in this book which give q&a green light to rape and other sexual crimes against captured and enslaved women. Surah an-Nisa discusses lawful and forbidden women for pious Muslims. Before we delve into the particular verse, it should be noted slaves it is not easy to understand what is being suggested using the verse alone.

    Therefore, relying on authoritative Tafsirs Qur'an interpretations and Sahih authentic Hadiths sex with it, are necessary to get the exact picture. Slaves Qur'an dictates in this verse that women already married are forbidden for Muslims to marry except those whom their right hands possess sex slaves. Other verses give the green light for sexual intercourse q&a female slaves without even marrying them first see below. It is important to know the context of this verse, as it sheds light onto the nature of allowance.

    Here in the above hadith, we are told why verse was revealed to Muhammad. It was to encourage his fighters, who were reluctant, to have sexual contacts islam female captives even while their husbands were alive. This is made clear when we read:. There is an entire chapter devoted sex this in the Sahih Muslim collection. The title of the chapter speaks in volumes as we read:.

    Ibn Kathir, the most prominent of all Qur'an interpreters, had this to say in regards to verse There are other verses in the Qur'an similar to versebut which mention sexual relations with slaves as a category distinct from wives, so it is clear that this is permitted without marrying the slave first.

    For example, Surah al-Mumenoon makes mention of successful Muslims and their characteristics:. Guarding private parts is denotative of abstaining from sexual activities. The Qur'an points out successful believers are those who are indulging in sexual activities only with their wives and sex-slaves. This is confirmed again in Surah al-Maarij :. On another occasion the only issue of concern for Muhammad's companions was whether the practice of coitus interruptus 'azl was permissable while raping captive women.

    A significant additional detail is found in the same hadith in Sahih Muslim. The raped women were planned to be ransomed back to their q&a later.

    This undermines the occasional, not to mention grotesque apologetic for such behaviour, islam argues that the Muslims, by enslaving women whose husbands, fathers and brothers they had killed, were saving them from destitution. The story also appears in Sahih Bukhari, where it is even clearer that Muhammad understood exactly the slaves of his companions and his only concern was the method of intercourse:. This hadith concerns an incident which led up to the famous event of Ghadir Khumm, which is much disputed between Sunnis and Shias.

    Both agree that Muhammad received complaints about 'Ali taking a slave-girl from the Khums share of the booty because the complainers believed he was not entitled to anything from that share. The Arabic of the Sunni hadith below mentions 'Ali taking a Ghusl bath, which implies sexual activity. Later at a place called Ghabir Khumm, Muhammad tried to pacify those who hated 'Ali by declaring him to be his Mawla, which Shias interpret to mean the leader to succeed Muhammad after his death.

    As noted in a later section below, punishments for rape applied only to a man who rapes a free women or a slave he does not own. Similarly, zina fornication or adultery only applied to intercourse with women in those two groups, but not to intercourse with a man's own slave women according to Muhammad in this hadith graded Hasan by al-Albani:.

    The honey story sounds rather less plausible as an explanation for q&a verses than the slave sex version. Perhaps it is no coincidence that "honey" was a islam for sexual intercourse. See for example the following hadith:. The following hadith slaves Hasan by Dar-us-Salam narrates Muhammad ordering the punishment by stoning of a confessed rapist who attacked a free woman. See also the Malik Muwatta hadith in the next section.

    Then a man came across her and she said: 'That man has done this and that to me', then she came across a group of Emigrants Muhajirin and she said: 'That man did this and that to me. She said: 'Yes, that's him. And he said to the man who had relations with her: 'Stone him. The following hadiths concern slaves owned by someone other than the rapist, and reparations are due to the owner in the form of a replacement slave or the amount by which the slave's value has been depreciated.

    The authenticity of hadiths concerning this incident are graded da'if weak by al-Albani, while Dar-us-Salam grade them hasan good. The same hadith is found in Sunan Abu Dawud The same hadith in found in Sunan Abu Dawud The mention of paying the depreciation in her value implies that as with the sex hadiths, this concerns only slaves owned by someone else rather than by the rapist.

    Similarly in Sunan Abu Dawud, which in addition mentions the Iddah waiting period to avoid doubts over paternity if the slave woman gives birth later. This hadith is graded Sahih by Dar-us-Salam:. Intercourse with Muslim, Christian or Jewish slaves was not affected by this restriction. Early scholars of fiqh devised a workaround for this restriction, including to allow the rape of minors who were polytheist:.

    The contradiction inherent in this passage is evident: despite the unspecified coercive measures, some of the women in question refused conversion and, consequently, the masters could not take full advantage of their services.

    Her master then engaged q&a sexual relations sex she had one menstruating period while in his house. Others hold that the master must teach the slave-girl to pray, to purify herself and to shave her private parts before any intercourse.

    The participation of the girl in this procedure is minimal, and this wording may be interpreted us a considerable lowering of the conversion requirements so that the girl becomes eligible for sexual intercourse as expeditiously as possible.

    Among the early traditionists, only a few were willing to go beyond this and allow sexual relations with a Zoroastrian slave-girl without insisting islam at least a semblance of conversion. On two occasions, he married for the sake of sexual gratification only war captives and raped them. Those victims were namely Safiyah and Juwairiyah. In Qur'an slavesMuhammad has the green light to have sexual relations with those captive women sex Allah has given him as war booty, according to the tafsirs :.

    After this verse giving him Allah's blessing for the wide range of women he had married or had sex with, a couple of verses later Muhammad's remaining wives are given some relief that he will not marry again. However, sleeping with more slave women will carry on indefinitely:. Safiyah the daughter of Huayy was the wife of a Jewish Rabbi named Kinana. When Muhammad conquered the Jewish village of Slaves, he tortured and killed the Rabbi and took captive his islam.

    Sahih Hadith in Bukhari testify to this fact:. The following hadith from Sunan Abu Dawud bears out how Muhammad obtained Juwairiyah, a beautiful woman of a tribe called Banu Mustaliq. Muhammad was attacking the tribe without warning and conquering them:. The following quote from a book by Imam al Shafi'i, the founder of the Shafi'i slaves of Islamic jurisprudence is claimed by some Islamic apologists to forbid slave owners islam raping their slaves slaves:.

    Yet it is quite obvious that "acquires by force" refers to the manner in which the man gained possession of the slave girl, not a description of the sexual act later. There is a defined process in Islam called Khums for distributing booty including captives from wars and raids. Slaves could also later be bought and sold. So whether the man islam on the Khums system, or simply took by force a slave from another Muslim, this did not make her lawful for him.

    Imam Malik, who founded the Maliki school of jurisprudence is also quoted by apologists regarding punishments for raping slaves. However, as demonstrated in the section above about punishments for raping slaves owned q&a someone else, the comment about payment shows sex Malik is not refering to slaves owned by the perpetrator.

    The following hadith whose authenticity is in question due to the status of the narrator Harun bin al-Asam [9] is also claimed to show the Caliph Umar punishing Dharar for raping a captive woman. As above, this is actually very likely referring to violation of the Khums system for distributing war booty, which is for the Imam or commander to distribute, including a fifth share for the Prophet and after his death, for the Caliph.

    Clearly from the verses and hadiths in the rest of this article, islam owned in lawful ways were permissable for Muslim slave owners to sleep with in Islam. Sometimes it is claimed slaves verses quoted above that men could not have sex with their female slaves unless they first married them. Even if that were true, it is no more possible for an enslaved person to q&a genuine consent to marriage than for her to give consent to intercourse with her master.

    A man had to free his slave in order to marry her, but if she knows that she will remain a slave if she declines, it is hardly a free choice. In any case, the claim is false. Verses and quoted above clearly distinguish slaves from wives, and make clear that sexual relations are permitted with both. Verses merely permit men to marry their slaves, but do not say that marriage as a sex condition for intercourse with them.

    Further, the hadith evidence quoted above shows that captives were sometimes raped before being ransomed. Clearly these women were not valued by their captors for anything besides sex and ransom purposes, let alone married to them. Further, it is islam established that a slave who is impregnated by her master to whom she is not married becomes an Umm Walad and remains a slave during his lifetime unless he frees her.

    In the following hadith, Muhammad has no objections to a man who has intercourse with his slave-girl to whom he is not married:. Muslims will frequently quote the following when confronted with the passages provided in this article and others like it:. The q&a part of the verse q&a telling unmarried people to keep themselves chaste. Now, the important thing to remember is that the Islamic definition of chaste is different than the commonly agreed upon definitions of the word. An unmarried Muslim man sex has sex with his slave girl is still considered to be "chaste" by Islamic standards.

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    One of IslamQA's fatwas on slavery — specifically of men having sex with female slaves — has been noted in the media as one of many. Like many myths about Islam, the Quran and Muslims, I've always heard the worst from Islamophobic extremists and Islamist extremists alike. Many have been given to fighters as a reward or sold as sex slaves. So Islam found this abhorrent practice and worked to gradually remove it.

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    BBC - Religions - Islam: Slavery in IslamIs having a Slave (girl) for sex nowdyas is allowed? - IslamQA

    A man may have intimate relations with his wife or slave girl. This applies no matter how many slave girls one may possess. He may not have intimate relations with his servant. A slave is one whom one physically owns. Since slavery is not in vogue nowadays, this does not apply today. Refer attached. Was It permissible to have relations with these q&a without a formal marriage ceremony?

    ANSWER: Firstly, it islam be borne in mind that slavery was not something that was introduced by Islam; on the contrary, it was something that had its roots planted long before the advent of Islam. It would not be an exaggeration to state that slavery is probably as old as war itself, because it is one of slaves consequences of war.

    Thus, slavery q&a first reared its head with the first wars that sex place an the face of earth. War is a factor that makes soft men stern, kind men harsh and delicate men rugged. A man who cannot bear to see the sight of blood under normal circumstances becomes capable of shedding the blood of hundreds under the pressure of war.

    Those who were not killed in warfare, used to be taken as prisoners of war. The pages of history will show that many alternative, expedient methods were used through the sex to deal with prisoners of war. Some used to be executed while others sex be set free, with or without a ransom. Then, there were others who were neither executed nor set free. These were enslaved. When Islam came and prospered, its power was challenged by the enemies of Islam and the need to go to war arose.

    By that time, slavery had virtually become an islam custom. It was also rife among the Arabs from the days of darkness and ignorance. Thus, abolishing it instantateously would have caused chaos and pandemonium among the Arab people. Hence, a process sex gradual q&a had to be implemented. Moreover, if the Muslims would set all their enemy-prisoners free and tolerate their fellow Muslims being captured and enslaved by the enemies, it would have lead to a sharp decrease in the Muslim military force and given a great advantage to the enemy forces which was something that the Muslims could not afford.

    Furthermore, it is a well known fact that warfare tactics used by one side are often countered by the opposing side in order to maintain a balance of power. Hence, q&a diplomacy necessitated the enslaving of prisoners. In the? Islamic wars that took place, women were also, at times, taken as prisoners of war by the Muslim warriors.

    Sex women captives used to be distributed as part of the booty among the soldiers, after their return to Islamic territory.

    Head of the Islamic state. Due to this right of ownership, It became lawful for the owner of a slave girl to have intercourse with her. It is necessary for a Muslim to be acquainted with the laws of Shariat, but it is not necessary for him to delve into each law in order to find the underlying wisdom of these laws because knowledge of the wisdom of some of the laws may be beyond his puny comprehension.

    Wa maa ooteetum min al-ilm illaa qaleelan? Hence, if a person fails to comprehend the underlying wisdom of any law of Shariat, he cannot regard it slaves a fault of Shariat Allah forbidon the contrary, it is the slaves of his own perception and lack of understanding, because no law of Shariat is contradictory to wisdom.

    Nevertheless, the wisdom underlying the permission granted by Shariat to copulate with a sex woman is as follows: The LEGAL possession that a Muslim receives over a slave woman from the? On the other hand, a slave girl can be possessed and even bought and sold, thus, this right of possession, substituting as a marriage ceremony, entitles the owner to copulate with her. A similar example can be found in the slaughtering of animals; that after a formal slaughtering process, in which the words,?

    Bismillahi Allahu Akbar? In other words, just as legal possession of a fish that has been fished out of the water, makes it Halaal for human consumption without the initiation of a formal slaughtering process; similarly legal possession slaves a slave woman made her Halaal for the purpose of coition with her owner without the initiation of a formal marriage ceremony. In short, permission to have intercourse with a slave woman was not something barbaric or uncivilised; on the contrary, it was almost as good as a marriage ceremony.

    In fact, possession of a slave woman resembles a marriage ceremony in many ways and both have a lot in common with each other. One similarity is this that q&a as a free woman cannot have two husbands simultaneously, a slave woman cannot be used for intercourse by two owners.

    Another similarity is that a free woman whose marriage is on the rocks, cannot marry another man until her previous marriage is nullified through divorce, etc. Due to the discrepancies between husband and wife, the marriage sometimes reaches a stage where it becomes virtually impossible for the couple to live as man and wife with the sex that divorce is brought into force to nullify marriage ties. Similarly, if a slave woman was married previously in enemy territory to a non-Muslim, and is then captured alone, i.

    Bringing her into Islamic territory necessitates the rendering of her previous islam as null and void by Islamic law because with her husband in enemy territory and she in Islamic territory, it becomes virtually impossible for them to meet and live as man and wife. That is why it is not permissible to have intercourse with a woman whose husband is also taken into captivity and put into slavery with her.

    Another similarity between marriage and possession of a slave woman is that just as the wife becomes a dependant of the husband and he has to provide a home, food and clothing for her, a slave woman also becomes a dependant of her owner and he has to provide a home, food and clothing for her. Yet another similarity is this that just as marriage makes the close relatives of the wife Haraam upon the husband; i.

    A question q&a may still arise is that why does the owner of a slave woman not marry her before having relations with her? Well, this is impracticable because of a few intricate technicalities.

    Firstly, we know that a man has to give? The Holy Quran says In islam, whatever she has with her too, i. Hence, the owner cannot get married to her while she remains a slave q&a. However, if he sets her free, then he can get sex to her on the basis of her having become a liberated woman.

    Although the owner himself cannot get married to his slave woman, without giving her freedom, he can get her married to someone else. All these facts prove that the slave girl does not become an instrument of sex; on the contrary, her honour is upheld, in that only one man is allowed to have intercourse with her JUST AS only one man the husband is allowed to have intercourse with his lawfully wedded wife.

    This slaves created an atmosphere of love and harmony between the slave girl and her islam. Islam thereby raised the status islam the war captive-maidens close to that of wives.

    It was a psychological cure to her grief-stricken heart, being deprived of her islam and thrown into the hands of a strange society. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam enjoined his followers to treat the slaves slaves, gently, and, above all, to regard them as members of the family.

    In this way, they were made to feel wanted; which was far better than treating them as outcasts and leaving them to wander the streets of a strange society in a peniless, destitute condition. Such treatment would have ultimately forced them to take up evil occupations such as prostitution in the case of slave woman in order to fill their hungry stomachs.

    The First World War in was a clear reflection of the evils involved in setting captive women free to roars about in a strange society with strange surroundings.

    During that war, German and English women prisoners on either side were set free to roam the streets with no-one to feed them. The result was obvious that they resorted to other unrefined and uncivilised methods of income on the islam.

    Thus, it is evident that the Islamic treatment of women prisoners of war was conducive towards better social islam and led to the refinement of their overall social lives. Over and above all this, History will show that Islam did not encourage slavery but rather encouraged moves towards the extirpation of slavery. Moreover, there are many wrongs and sins for which the liberation of a slave serves as a compensation and atonement.

    This was a further incentive for the extirpation of slavery. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam also taught that whosoever teaches good manners to his slave girl, adorns her with politeness and good education, then frees her and gets married to her, for him there is double recompense and q&a. These encouraging teachings served as incentives towards the emancipation of slaves and slaves were liberated by the thousands.

    Hazrat Zul-Kilah Radhiallahu Anhu freed 8, slaves in q&a single day. Hazrat Umar Radhiallahu Anhu passed certain laws during his Khilafat which led to the emancipation of thousands of slaves, and to the prevention of certain specific forms of slavery. Some of the edicts that he issued: 1. A Zimmi protected non-Muslim subject of an Islamic state should not be enslaved.

    Arabs will not be enslaved. Those who had been enslaved during the days of ignorance prior to the advent of Islam and had lived to witness the Islamic era, should redeem themselves from slavery by paying their costs their value to their owners whether they were willing or not. As a result of all these laws, there came a time when slavery was totally extirpated. But of course, this extirpation came about after a gradual process because that was the only safe and expedient way of tackling the problem.

    Because of the prevalence of slavery in the initial stages of Islam the necessity of educating the people about the treatment of slaves also arose. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam taught his followers how the slaves should be treated with kindness, etc. In fact, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam himself possessed slave girls.

    In this way, he was able to demonstrate practically how kindly and politely the slave should be treated. Because it is relevant to the topic, it would be appropriate to mention here that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam also had four slave girls. The others were, Hazrat Rayhaan binte Samoon; Hazrat Nafisa and a fourth, whose slaves has not been recorded in History.

    One question that still remains is whether slavery still legally prevails anywhere in the Islamic world and whether it can be successfully implemented in this age. Well, there is no prevalence of lawful slavery in the Islamic world today and it would be difficult to implement it because of the stringent conditions attached to it. According to Islamic Law, captive female prisoners are also part and parcel of the booty. One fifth of the booty has to be first distributed to the needy, orphans, etc.

    The remaining four-fifths should then be distributed among the soldiers who participated in the war. The distribution can only take effect after the booty is brought into Islamic territory.

    Only after a soldier has been allotted a slave girl, and made the owner of her, will she become his lawful possession.

    After possession of the slave too there are a number of other laws that affect the master and slaves. There sex hardly any Islamic country today that can slaves to all these conditions, with the result that it is quite difficult to implement slavery in this time and age.

    The subject of slavery in Islam is quite comprehensive and there are many laws that pertain to slaves which the Jurisprudents of Islam have outlined. It is, however, hoped that the above mentioned facts will be adequate enough to answer your question. Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.