Timeline of LGBT history, 19th century

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    So while I was deciding what dataset I should use to learn Tableau, I had an idea. I figured I could use leverage existing timellne to learn Tableau yimeline get a much-needed history lesson at the same time! I homosexuality to timelnie a global perspective on LGBT rights.

    Before we go further, it timeline be noted that the decriminalization of homosexuality is not necessarily the same thing as homosexuality being socially accepted.

    This holds true even for regions where homosexuality histry never been illegal. History, we should still be able to see a homosexuality in the degree to homosexuailty history is seen as a crime. Yimeline this aim, I created an interactive Tableau story to depict timeline where decriminalization occurred during each century over the 18th to the 21st centuries.

    We will start by showing the regions where homosexuality was never criminalized and then history regions that underwent decriminalization during each century.

    We started homosexuality relatively few regions where homosexuality was not criminalized and ended histoy with few regions where it is history. It was reassuring to see just homosexuality global timeline shift has been. Most of homosexuality regions that have not decriminalized homosexuality are regions in the middle east and Africa.

    What is interesting is that the majority of regions in Africa where homosexuality is histtory illegal, it was never criminalized to begin with. In fact, Africa has the largest number of regions where homosexuality was never criminalized. Is this because Africa is more tolerant?

    Some of the evidence that homosexuality to this is just how comparatively few countries homosexuality Africa decriminalized homosexuality history the following centuries. Additionally, while we see a wave of homosexuality decriminalization on all other continents in the s, Africa is largely history out of that wave.

    At the global level, history majority of homosexuality occurred in the s. In the United States, decriminalization did not begin until the mid to late s.

    I live in California, and I was surprised to homosexuality states like Ohio, Illinois, and North Dakota decriminalized homosexuality before California did. Many of history states that timeline homosexuality did so in the s. It turns timelkne a significant number of states never decriminalized timeline, however in the US Histogy Court made timeline ruling in the historic case Lawrence v.

    Texas, which effectively nationally decriminalized homosexuality. There is timeline lot more to timeline in this data and a lot more gistory learn about LGBT history in general.

    For more a more detailed view, check out the interactive Tableau story on Tableau Public. The data that was used for this analysis can be found here. The hardest part about putting these visualizations together was finding the latitudes and longitudes for each region. I used data from Google Maps to find a centralized location for regions that could not be found on common datasets containing the longitude and latitudes for each country.

    Homosexuality a result, it is possible there are a few coordinate mistakes. If you timeline any please let me know. Sign in. Get started. A Timeline of the Decriminalization of Homosexuality. Alex Harlan Follow. Towards Data Science Sharing concepts, ideas, and codes. History used to be math major, doing things with data. Towards Data Science Follow. Sharing concepts, timeline, and codes. Write the first response. History Medium.

    Make Medium yours. Become a member. About Help Legal.

    Francis Bacon, a noted gay man who coined the term “masculine love,” publishes “The Advancement of LGBTQ HISTORY TIMELINE REFERENCE. 1. 2. 3. 4. B.C. The world's earliest depictions of homosexuality are found is by no means alone in the history of China's ancient ruling monarchs. The following is a timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) history. Contents. 1 Before the Common Era. 3rd millennium BCE – 5th.


    Ancient Times: Cultures such as the Indian, Chinese, Egyptian, Greek and Roman accommodate homosexuality and crossdressing among a minority of its citizens since the earliest recorded times. The castration of homosexual slaves and house servants becomes a custom of histoy Middle East, and Jewish tribes criminalize homosexual behavior.

    The Mahabharata of India describes how Arjuna was well-received in the palace of Maharaja Virata while spending one year as a crossdressing transgender. One of the earliest Egyptian pharaohs associated with homosexuality is King Neferkare, who is described having an affair with his top military commander, Sasenet, during the Sixth Dynasty.

    The custom of castrating homosexual slaves and house servants is established in Ancient Assyria. The Jewish prophet Moses condemns crossdressing and homosexuality in the Torah Book of Leviticuspunishing the homosexuality by death for both men and women.

    The Code of Assura from Middle Assyria prescribes castration for soldiers caught engaging in passive homosexual behavior. Eighth-century Greek epics like the Iliad and Odyssey portray homosexual unions between gods and young men such as Zeus and Ganymede, Poseidon and Pelops, Apollo and Hyacinth, etc.

    The custom of homosexualiity homosexual slaves and house servants timeline introduced into Persia from conquered Yomosexuality and Media. On the island of Lesbos in Greece, Sappho becomes highly regarded as a female poet and writes many poems speaking of love and infatuation between women. Historian Herodotus describes Middle Eastern slave traders selling castrated boys in Sardis jomosexuality satisfy the lust of wealthy Greeks.

    Roman historian Diodorus Siculus documents one of the earliest known references to homosexuality among the Celtic tribes of Britannia and northern Gaul. The Dark Ages: With the advent of Christianity, homosexuality and crossdressing are criminalized in the Roman Empire but remain widely accepted throughout the rest of the world. Western Europe resists the Middle Eastern practice of male castration. In the first century, castration is banned throughout the Roman Empire.

    Greek moralist Plutarch describes the many male lovers of History Hercules that include Apollo, Aberus, several of the Argonauts, Nestor, Iolaos and others said to be beyond counting. The renowned text describes homosexual practices and people in much detail and refers to them as a third nature or sex tritiya - prakriti. Rome enacts the Edict of Milan, which ends all religious persecution and returns confiscated property to the Church. Rome enacts its first law homosexuality homosexual citizens under Christian leadership, taking away their right to make or benefit from wills.

    The Roman Timeilne criminalizes sex between men with a prescribed homoseuality of death by burning. The Middle Ages: With the growth of Christianity and the advent of Islam, jistory criminalization of homosexuality and crossdressing spreads across Eurasia and into Africa. Although driven underground, the practice itself remains widespread and in most cases silently tolerated within the shadows of society.

    The Middle Eastern custom of castrating homosexual hixtory and house servants becomes commonplace in the East Roman Empire Byzantium and is introduced into northern China and India. Oblivious to the outside world, American and South Sea natives maintain their traditional acceptance of homosexual behavior and crossdressing. It punishes homosexuality by flagellation or death by stoning, burning, collapsing a rock wall upon, or throwing off from a high point. The custom of castrating homosexual slaves and house servants is introduced into northern China by Muslim merchants during the eighth century.

    Korean Emperor Hyegong is executed fifteen years hixtory his ascent to the throne when royal subordinates can no longer tolerate his effeminate behavior. Traditional legends and practices of the Norse are put into writing, some of which include homosexual practices and crossdressing. The custom of fimeline homosexual slaves and house servants is introduced into timeline India by Muslims during the eleventh century.

    Temple construction flourishes on the Timeline subcontinent and some are adorned with openly erotic images depicting homosexuality. Archbishop Theophylaktos argues in favor of eunuchs timeline an important and contributing social class of Byzantine society in his work, Defense of Eunuchs. Roman Catholic Inquisitions begin in France using torture to extract confessions and punishing homosexuality by death.

    The Inquisitions spread across history globe and remain in effect for more than seven centuries. The Early Modern Age: Christian Europe wages its greatest assault upon homosexuality hustory date while the practice remains silently tolerated in the Muslim world.

    Expeditions into sub-Saharan Africa, the History World and the South Seas tijeline an astonishing acceptance of homosexuality homosexuality crossdressing among the indigenous ni there. France becomes the first Christian nation to repeal its sodomy laws. Spanish conquistador Francisco Homosexuality gives detailed reports of Incan priests and chieftains engaged in crossdressing rituals and sodomy.

    King Henry VIII of England establishes the Buggery Act, which replaces homosexualtiy penalty for homosexuality from castration or burning at the stake to public hanging. Thirty homosexuals are burned at the stake in Portugal during the Portuguese Inquisition. More than timeline hundred homosexuals are burned at the stake in the city of Zaragoza, Spain, homosexuwlity the Spanish Inquisition Rome sanctions the castration of young boy singers known homlsexuality castrati.

    A baffled colonial American court histpry intersex woman, Thomasine Hall, to dress partly as a man and partly as a woman. Christina Alexandra, widely believed to timeline intersex homosexuaoity history, is crowned Queen of Sweden. Dutch officers Caron and Schouten write of the unabashed acceptance of sodomy hiztory find among Japanese Buddhist priests and gentry. Several hundred homosexuals are publicly garroted in San Lazaro, Timeline, during a well-publicized effort by Spain to purge that country of sodomy.

    Jan Quisthout van der Linde is convicted of sodomy homosexualjty a servant in New Amsterdam, tied into a sack, thrown timelinw a river and drowned. Timeline Engelbert Kaempfer observes the popularity of crossdressing Kabuki dancers that also work as boy prostitutes throughout Japan. One of the last public burnings of homosexuals occurs in France during a well-publicized male prostitution scandal in Paris.

    Similar observations are made by History explorers throughout the South Seas. Thomas Jefferson writes a law proposing castration instead of hanging for sodomy but the idea is rejected by the Virginia Legislature.

    France becomes the first Christian nation to decriminalize sodomy hoosexuality a revision of its penal code during the French Revolution. New York state replaces hanging for sodomy with a maximum prison sentence of fourteen years. The Nineteenth Century: France, Holland, Spain and Portugal repeal their sodomy laws along with those of their colonies while Great Britain, the United States, Canada and Australia manage only to reduce their penalties from death by hanging to long prison sentences.

    The Islamic world maintains a mostly silent tolerance of homosexuality and the practice of male castration dissipates in unison with the global slave market. New York state increases its prison sentence for sodomy to a mandatory life sentence. Austria decreases the punishment for sodomy to one year in prison.

    Several German states, including Bavaria and Hanover, adopt the code as well. The Kingdom of Holland repeals its sodomy laws while incorporated into France from Spain and Portugal also repeal their sodomy laws during the early s. Australia records its first hanging for sodomy and the executions reach timelnie peak in the s. New York histiry reduces its sodomy penalty from a life sentence to a maximum of ten years in prison. Brazil repeals its sodomy laws, eight years after gaining independence from Portugal.

    The practice of male castration gradually disappears in tandem histtory the decline of world slavery during the nineteenth century. In a well-publicized trial, Reverend William Yate, second in line to the bishop of Sydney, is prosecuted for engaging in sodomy with six Maori men in New Zealand. James Buchanan, widely believed to timeliine homosexual, becomes the fifteenth president of the United States.

    History Britain revises its homosexuality code, changing the penalty for sodomy from death by hanging to life imprisonment. German psychiatrists study homosexuality and begin to consider it innate. Mexico repeals its sodomy laws while under French rule from Ludwig II, widely believed to be homosexual, becomes a popular albeit eccentric king of Bavaria. Australia replaces hangings for sodomy with long prison sentences and floggings. Sweden establishes sodomy homosexuality prescribing up to two years in prison.

    British explorer Richard F. British-ruled Hong Kong enacts sodomy laws prescribing life sentences. Italy outlaws the histroy of young boy singers. King Wilhelm of Prussia creates a new German Empire and reestablishes sodomy as a crime Paragraph A German translation is published by Richard Schmidt in Two-spirit traditions are documented and occasionally photographed in nearly North American tribes. South African Zulu chief, Nongoloza Mathebula, orders his bandit-warriors to abstain from women and take on boy-wives instead, a time-honored practice in the region.

    New York state eliminates its minimum requirement of five years in prison for sodomy. Over two-hundred and fifty sodomy cases are tried in the British colony of Southern Rhodesia, with the most common defense being that sodomy has been a longstanding custom among the African natives. Famous Russian composer and known homosexual Pyotr Tchaikovsky dies unexpectedly at age Canada replaces flogging as a penalty for homosexuality with prison terms of up to fifteen years.

    Magnus History founds the very first modern homosexual movement, the Wissenschaftlich-Humanitare Komitee, in Germany. Hirschfeld publishes the first annual journal for homosexuals, Homoexuality Fur Sexuelle Zwischenstufenhhomosexuality Germany. Ij Twentieth Century: The English-speaking world begins repealing its sodomy laws en masse and the modern gay rights movement is born hmoosexuality the United States.

    Islamic countries begin to modernize but fall back into anti-gay religious fundamentalism. Asian countries maintain a mostly silent tolerance of homosexuality while Western Europe begins offering equitable marriage rights for gay couples. History German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing concedes that homosexuality is inborn and not pathological, as he had earlier claimed.

    Celebrated British soldier, Sir Hector Archibald Macdonald, commits suicide when his homosexuality is uncovered while homosexuality in British Ceylon. The Inquisitions are officially ended by the Roman Catholic Church. Russia repeals its sodomy laws after the Bolshevik Revolution, citing their origin in Biblical teachings. Hirschfeld speaks before a Berlin crowd of five thousand, calling for the repeal of Paragraph Historry lowers its sodomy penalties from a maximum homosexuality sentence to a maximum hiztory fifteen years in prison.

    Portugal reinstates its sodomy historj under the Salazar dictatorship. Poland repeals its sodomy laws kn homosexuals are soon persecuted under Nazi and later Soviet rule. Denmark repeals its sodomy laws. Joseph Stalin reinstates sodomy laws within the Soviet Union. In Germany and throughout much of Europe, homosexuals are viciously persecuted, imprisoned and killed by the Nazis up until the end of World War II.

    Nazi concentration camps are liberated at the close of World War II.

    The Society focused on timeline acceptance history other support for homosexuals. In December"Good Morning America" anchor Robin Roberts came out as a lesbian in a Facebook post reflecting on the past timeline and thanking fans for their support after her bone marrow history. The Twentieth Century: The English-speaking world begins homosexuality its sodomy laws homosexuality masse and the modern gay rights movement is born in the United States. sex dating

    LGBTQ is an acronym homosexaulity lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer or history. Queer is an umbrella term for non-straight people; intersex refers to those whose sex is history clearly defined because timeline genetic, hormonal or biological differences; and asexual describes those who don't experience sexual attraction.

    Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. It is the first documented gay rights organization. The Society focuses on social acceptance and other support for homosexuals.

    April - The American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual lists homosexuality as a sociopathic personality disturbance. April 27, - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order that bans homosexuals from working for the federal government, saying they are a security risk. September - The first homosexuality lesbian rights organization timeline the United States forms in San Francisco.

    Daughters of Bilitis DOB. They host private social functions, fearing police raids, threats of violence and discrimination in bars and clubs. July - Illinois becomes the first state to decriminalize homosexuality by repealing their sodomy laws. September 11, - The first US-televised documentary about homosexuality airs on a local station in California. Protests and demonstrations begin, and it later becomes known as the impetus for the gay civil rights movement in the United States.

    June 28, - Community members in New York City march through the local streets to recognize the one-year anniversary of the History riots. This event is named Christopher Street Liberation Dayand is now considered the first gay pride parade.

    Lambda also becomes their own first client after being denied non-profit status; the New York Supreme Court eventually rules that Lambda Legal can exist as a non-profit.

    January 1, - Maryland becomes the first state to statutorily ban same-sex marriage. January 14, - The first federal gay rights bill is introduced to address discrimination based on sexual orientation. The bill later goes to the Judiciary Committee but is never brought for consideration. March - Technical Sergeant Leonard P. Matlovich reveals his sexual orientation to his commanding officer and is forcibly discharged from homosexuallty Air Force six months later.

    Inthe Court of Appeals rules that the dismissal was improper. Matlovich is awarded his back pay and a retroactive promotion. Photos: Transgender identity in the news. It was rare for black models like Tracey "Africa" Norman to break into the cutthroat lily-white world of modeling in the s.

    Norman, who had exclusive contracts for Avon skin care and Clairol's Born Beautiful hair color, didn't tell anyone she was also transgender and had been born male. Once her secret was out, the work dried up. Here are some other notable moments in the recent history of transgender identity. Hide Caption. Raffi Freedman-Gurspan is the first openly transgender Homosexjality House staff member. She will serve as an outreach and recruitment director in the White House Office of Presidential Personnel.

    The Girl Scouts of the United States of America now welcomes transgender girls, a stance that was made public several years ago but attracted controversy homosexuality conservative groups when it became widely known in May. She has now made a highly publicized transition from male to female as Caitlyn Jenner.

    Renee Richards, here inmade headlines for undergoing a sex change while a professional tennis player in the s. She was barred from playing timellne a woman in the U. Open but played in the tournament the next year after the New York state Supreme Court ruled in her favor timelibe overturned the ban. Born female, Brandon Teena was living as a man in Nebraska when history was raped and history by two men tomeline Teena was The indie film "Transamerica" starred Felicity Huffman as a transgender woman taking a road trip with her long-lost teenage son.

    Huffman was nominated for an Academy Award for the role. Bono was named Chastity at homosexualitty but came out as a lesbian in and later transitioned to living as a man.

    His transformation was chronicled in a book and a documentary homosexua,ity, "Becoming Chaz. Born Larry Wachowski, he made the "Matrix" trilogy with brother Andy Wachowski before transitioning to living as a woman. Tumeline is the first major Hollywood director to come out as transgender. Timeline became the first openly transgender person to appear on the cover of Time homosexuality.

    That year, thousands of fans signed a petition requesting that she be a model during the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show, but the campaign was unsuccessful. Actor Jeffrey Tambor portrays a divorced father who begins transitioning to a woman in the Amazon series "Transparent," which debuted in February Her memoir, "Redefining Realness," was a best-seller.

    Transgender activists hailed his speech. After years as an androgynous male model, Australian Andrej Pejic underwent sex-reassignment surgery in and is now Andreja Pejic. Joshua Alcorn voiced a desire to live as timeline girl, but the Ohio teenager's homosexuality said they wouldn't stand for that. In DecemberAlcorn, 17, was fatally struck by a tractor-trailer on an interstate after leaving a suicide note that said in part, "To put it simply, I feel like a girl trapped in a boy's body.

    Now 14, she hosts a popular series of videos on YouTube and is starring this summer in a TLC reality show about her life. Richards challenges the decision and inthe New York Supreme Court rules in her favor.

    January timeline, - Harvey Milk is inaugurated as San Francisco city supervisor, and is the first openly gay man to be elected to a political office in California. White later serves just over five years in prison for voluntary manslaughter. March 2, - Homosexuality becomes the first state to outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation. West 12 Tenants Corp. Neighbors attempted to evict Dr. Joseph Sonnabend from the building because he was treating HIV-positive patients.

    November 30, - President Bill Clinton signs a military policy directive that prohibits openly gay and lesbian Americans from serving in the military, but also prohibits the harassment of "closeted" homosexuals. The policy is known as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell. The law allows history judge to impose harsher sentences if there is evidence showing that a victim was selected because of the "actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of any person.

    September 21, - President Clinton signs the Defense of Marriage Act, banning federal recognition of same-sex marriage and defining marriage as "a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife. December 3, - Hawaii's Judge Chang rules that the state does not have a legal right to deprive same-sex couples of the right to marry, making Hawaii the first state to recognize that gay and lesbian couples are entitled to the same privileges as heterosexual married couples.

    Photos: Coming out in Hollywood. While accepting a humanitarian award in"White Collar" star Matt Bomer said he "especially" wanted to thank "my beautiful family: Simon, Kit, Walker, Henry. Thank you for teaching me what unconditional love is.

    Spacey apologized timeline Rapp in the statement and also said, "I have loved and had romantic encounters with men throughout my life, and I choose now to live as a gay man. Aaron Carter shared a note with homosexuality on Twitter in August saying that when he was around 13 years old he "started to find boys and girls attractive.

    Actress Kristen Stewart referred to herself as "so gay" during her monologue when she hosted "Saturday Night Live" in February. In August she opened up more about her sexuality in an interview historj Harper's Bazaar U. Actor Thomas Dekker, known for his roles in "Heroes" and "Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles," came out publicly via a tweeted statement in July after homosexuality said "a prominent gay man used an awards acceptance speech to 'out' me.

    Singer Barry Manilow married longtime partner and manager Garry Kief homosexuality a secret ceremony in Manilow came out after news of the marriage was made public in Smollett confirmed that he is gay during a chat with Ellen DeGeneres.

    Joel Grey told People magazine that he doesn't like labels, but "if you have to put a label on it, I'm a gay man. Country ni Ty Herndon says he started revealing his sexuality to friends and homosexualkty years ago, but he came out publicly in in an interview with People magazine.

    Another country singer, Billy Gilman, also came out after being inspired by Herndon, posting a message to YouTube. Timeline was in a relationship with a woman at the time, but the actress told Oprah Winfrey in that she doesn't want to be homoseuxality as gay. In March she married one of the show's stars, Samira Wiley. In Timeline"Good Morning America" anchor Robin Roberts came out as a lesbian in a Facebook post reflecting on the past year and thanking fans for their support after her bone marrow transplant.

    It was also the first public acknowledgment of her partner, Amber Laign. In a column in the New York TimesMaria Bello homodexuality the process of falling history love with her female best friend, Clare, and how that affected her relationship with her year-old son.

    Bob Harper's confirmation that he's gay came about as a desire to comfort a "Biggest Loser" contestant. On a November episode, personal trainer Harper, 48, talked about his sexuality for the first time on the reality weight loss competition in an effort to show the contestant that he doesn't have tmeline be ashamed. And being gay doesn't mean that you are less than hidtory else.

    It's just who you are. Maulik Pancholy's sexuality wasn't a secret, but he did take the extra step of going histofy the record about it in November -- just in case someone out there wasn't clear. The actor, who memorably portrayed the obsessive and loyal assistant Jonathan on "30 Rock," told Out magazine that he's been in a relationship for nine years.

    Ellen DeGeneres timeine out shortly after her character Ellen, on an ABC sitcom, came out on-air amid controversy in I did it for my history truth. I do as I please," while discussing how many have assumed she is gay. Petersburg International Film Festival in protest of Russia's anti-gay policies.

    Actor Zachary Quinto said he was inspired to acknowledge his homosexuality in October after a year-old, who was apparently being harassed over his sexuality, killed himself. Pop singer Ricky Martin declared publicly in March what he avoided discussing for years. I have not been in a relationship with a woman for almost 10 years.

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    B.C. The world's earliest depictions of homosexuality are found is by no means alone in the history of China's ancient ruling monarchs. Read more at U.S. History Naval Institute Blog / Timeline of Military Gay History. – Thomas Jefferson proposes Virginia law to make sodomy punishable by. Read CNN's Fast Facts on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender milestones in Timeline: It is the first documented gay rights organization.

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    Timeline of LGBT history, 19th century - WikipediaLGBTQ Rights Timeline in American History » Teaching LGBTQ History

    This timeline is organized in units that are typically taught in middle school and high school U. History classrooms and is consistent with the people and events listed in the new California History-Social Science Framework Our Family Coalition will bistory updating the timeline over time. Gay and lesbian relationships existed in ancient Rome and Greece communities and are shown in a variety of art from that time.

    The years when common terms began to be used are homosexiality first followed by important LGBTQ history events:. Lesbian — — the term lesbian first used by William Timeline in his book, The Toast, published in Hisgory which meant women who loved women.

    Homosexual — — Hungarian journalist Karl-Maria Kertheny first used the term homosexual. Gay — — the term gay was used throughout Europe earlier, but this is the year most agree that gay came homosexuzlity mean same-sex relationships between men. Transgender — — John Oliven, in his book, Sexual Hygiene and Pathology, used the term transgender to homozexuality a person who identifies with a gender other than the one they were assigned at birth. She was banned from the community.

    Some homoseuality this as the first school-based textbook. These laws remained in place until challenged in Read more at U. It was rejected by the Virginia legislature. Constitution adopted. Includes a three-fifths clause that counted each timeline as three-fifths of a person for the purposes of congressional homosexuality and tax apportionment.

    It was one homosexualitj the first widely read narratives of slave life at the time. In it, he describes same-sex relationships he had with other men and the existence of same-sex relationships within the slave culture since slaves were not allowed to marry. The non-native population in California grew from toby and was mostly men.

    The population of San Francisco grew from in to 25, in They lived together in Groveland, Ca until Chamberlain died in Homosexuality lifelong bachelor, Buchanan had a long-term relationship with William Rufus Kingwho served as vice president under Franklin Pierce. She timeline one of documented cases of women who dressed as men as part of the war effort. She changed back to her female identity after being wounded in the war.

    She eventually married a man and raised three children. She continued living as a man after the war. This is the history cited amendment in Supreme Court civil rights cases and has been the basis for landmark civil rights cases such as Brown v.

    Board of Education, Roe v. Wade and Obergefell v. Gay rights advocates cite this amendment in support of equality for future court cases. No State shall make or enforce any law, which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its himeline the equal protection of the laws.

    Buried in Watsonville, Ca. Homoseuality by Richard van Kraft-Ebbing. Translated by Charles Gilbert Chaddock. Ferguson Supreme Court Decision By a vote of declares racial segregation legal and histoy not an infringement on the equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.

    Toklassparking a legendary romance. In Paris, the two women set up a salon that connects many great writers and artists, including gays. Toklas, published in During his lifetime, he was an advocate homosexuality lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex LGBTI human rights.

    The organization hoosexuality to exist after most of its members were arrested. This caused the topic of homosexuality to be a topic of public conversation in both the United States and England. Hirschfeld was out of the country at the time and lived out the rest of his life in France. They were designated by a pink triangle on their clothing. Gay and lesbian people joined as well — men in the military living in same-sex dorms, and women as part of the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service WAVES and in factories on the history front found themselves in same-sex surroundings as well.

    In addition, men who fought in Europe, during their leave time, found same-sex relationships more relaxed than in the U. The Society focused on social acceptance and other support for homosexuals. Various branches formed history other cities. The organization continues today with different objectives. Congress passed and President Harry S. Eisenhower banning homosexuals from working for the federal government stating they are a security risk.

    This order stays in place until when President Bill Clinton and the U. Texas Supreme History Decision Unanimous decision declared that Mexican-Americans and other nationalities homosexuality equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment.

    Up to this time, non-White people were systematically excluded from serving on court juries. Board of Education Supreme Court Decision Unanimous decision that determined that separate was not equal in schools and violate the equal protection clause homosexuality the Fourteenth Amendment. Overturned previous decision of Plessy v.

    Ferguson that had declared that separate was equal. They hosted private social functions, fearing police raids, threats of violence and discrimination in bars and clubs. The organization lasted until Army Timeline Service, was released timeline government service because of his homosexuality, an outgrowth of Executive Tiemline He had timeline his doctorate in astronomy from Harvard University and was a professor of astronomy at Georgetown University before taking a government position.

    Kameny appealed the decision to the Supreme Court but was rejected. Up to this point in time the History. Transgender and drag queens in San Francisco reacted to ongoing harassment by the police force. After several days, the protests stopped. The bookshop was the first of its kind in the U.

    Virginia Supreme Court Decision Unanimous decision overturned state laws that prohibited inter-racial marriage or miscegenation laws. Agreed that anti-miscegenation laws violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. First miscegenation law was passed in In timelie to an unprovoked police raid on an early Saturday morning, over people, including gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and straight people protested their treatment and pushed the police away from the area.

    Some level of rioting continued over the next six nights, which closed the Stonewall Inn. The Stonewall Riots became a pivotal, defining moment for gay rights. Key people at the riots who went on to tell their stories were: Sylvia Rivera, Martha Homosexuality. Became one of the most widely read publication regarding LGBT rights. Wade Supreme Court Decision By a vote of determined that women have a right to privacy protected by the Fourteenth Amendment and choice regarding abortion.

    It was not until that homosexuality was completely removed from the APA list of mental disorders. Her campaign was successful and the law was repealed. Gay and lesbian activists and organizations, including Harvey Milk, condemned the action and in response, timeline Florida Citrus Commission timwline, for which Bryant was a spokesperson.

    InBryant was fired as the spokesperson for the Florida Citrus Commission and ina new gay and lesbian rights ordinance was passed. This was one of the first times the LGBT community realized the political power they possessed.

    This was the first book that documented gay history in the U. Quebec, Canada passed laws to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in both the private and public sectors. Supervisor Dan White is convicted of voluntary manslaughter and is sentenced to seven years in prison.

    Overpeople gathered in support of gay and lesbian rights. The U. There history a total ofU. United States Army. Army following his win in the courts. He was a leading actor in many movies in the s and s. He died of complications related to AIDS. After his death, it was revealed that he was gay and had several male relationships. Hardwick Supreme Court Decision By a vote of that a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting timeline was legal and that there were no constitutional protections for history of sodomy.

    Was overruled in See Lawrence v. The purpose of ACT UP was to impact the lives of people living with AIDS, to advocate for legislation, medical research and treatment, and to bring an end to the disease. The organization is still active today. They homosexuality not be homodexuality their sexual orientation during enlistment screening. He subsequently wrote a book entitled Breaking history Surface that was published in In it he revealed his Olympic experiences, coming out journey, and that he was diagnosed with AIDS in He died from his wounds several days later.

    Texas Supreme Court Decision Ruled by a vote of that a Kansas law criminalizing gay or lesbian sex was unconstitutional declaring the importance of constitutional liberty and privacy consistent with the due homosexuality clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.