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    Originally published by Victoria County History, London, This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved. Sidney Sussex College. Argent a bend engrailed sable forRadcliffe impalingor a pheon azure for Sidney.

    Here the friars had settled about the middle of the 13th century and had built their church, cloisters, and friary. In the friary was suppressed and in the history and site was conveyed by Henry VIII to his new college of Trinity. The buildings were mostly destroyed, the materials being used in the erection of the Great Court of Trinity, but the refectory survived as the chapel of Sidney Sussex College for many years, and was pulled down in It formed the east side of the south court of the College and can be seen in Loggan's print as it appeared about She died on 9 Marchand was buried in Westminster Abbey.

    Her will is a history document with a large number of bequests. The most important legacy involving about two-fifths of her whole estate was as follows. I do therefore. Out of the money and goods so bequeathed the executors were also to buy lands for the maintenance of a Master, ten fellows, and 20 scholars, students at the College 'according to the laudable custom of the said University' if the funds should prove sufficient. The will also directed that if the testatrix had not in her lifetime obtained licence for the erection of the new College, the executors were to present to Her Majesty 'a Jewell which I have made of purpose history a starr of Rubes and Dymonds and a Rubie standinge in the midle which Sidney made of the valewe of cxl li.

    The executors who were responsible under the will for the foundation of the new College were the Earl of Kent and Sir John Harrington, the first of whom was appointed 'chief and principal executor'.

    The Archbishop of Canterbury, John Whitgift, was made one of the supervisors of the will. In the sussex approached Trinity College with a view to buying or leasing the sidney of the Grey Friars.

    To this proposal Trinity objected that history had no sidney under their statutes to make any such alienation. The executors then procured an Act of Parliament empowering the College sidney sell or let the site to them. They also petitioned the queen who wrote to the Master and Fellows of Trinity pointing out that the executors had spared no pains to discharge their trust, and that their suit tended to the amplifying of sussex University and the beautifying of the town of Cambridge.

    The letter continued 'we require that you would presently sell or grant the said site of the Friars for some reasonable price to the said executors'. Also in case the College might still be in doubt whether they might alienate their land under the statutes, although an Act of Parliament has been passed permitting them to do so, the sussex continued 'we do hereby of our mere motion and certain sussex and of our prerogative royal fully clearly and absolutely discharge and dispense with you.

    The executors also obtained the support of Archbishop Whitgift, who in addition history being supervisor history the will was a former Master of Trinity and was thus exceptionally qualified to act sidney a mediator between the college and the executors.

    Sir John Harrington appears to have offered Trinity College 20 marks a year for the whole site. What reply Trinity made is not known, but it was not until 25 July that the queen granted letters patent to the executors to found a new College on the site of the Grey Friars or elsewhere. On 1 February Sir John Harrington gave his nephew, James Montagu, afterwards first Master of the new College, power of attorney to pay out all sums given to him towards the building of 'Sydney College'.

    No agreement had yet been sealed with Trinity but the first stone was laid by James Montagu on 20 May The first payment to the architect had been made two months previously. Afterwards the building proceeded without interruption and sufficient stone, sand, history gravel was found on the site to lay all the foundations and to raise up the walls above the 'water table'.

    The sealing of the conveyance of the sussex was still delayed as Trinity now demanded marks in addition to the annual rent for a building which Sir John meant to convert into a chapel. This demand was referred to the archbishop, who decided that the sum sussex to be paid.

    The conveyance was sealed on 10 September About three weeks later Sir John sent a messenger to Trinity to deliver as much of the marks as they would take, at the same time appealing to their generosity; his appeal seems to have been successful as the Trinity bursar's books, complete for this period, show no trace of the receipt of the sum or any part of it.

    The College thereupon granted him a release of his trust, 'he having laid out as much and more than was bequeathed by the foundress for erecting and endowing the College'.

    Edward Montagu of Hemington, afterwards 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton, granted the College in a lease for 1, years of 45 acres at Burwash Suss. These were changed to scholarships in Sir John Popham, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, to whom was left the discretion of carrying out the bequest, ordered that two of the scholarships should be founded at Balliol, two at Emmanuel, and two at Sidney.

    Emmanuel refusing the scholarships offered to them, four were assigned to Sidney, the two senior to be considered sidney fellowships; and for their maintenance the manor sidney Itterby near Clee Lincs. About John Freestone of Altofts Yorks.

    Emmanuel agreed to the application. He also left all his books to the College. Sir John Brereton, one of the first scholars, who died inleft one-half of his estate for sidney purposes as the Regius Professor and Lady Margaret's Reader in Divinity should think most expedient for the good of the College.

    With this legacy Cridling Park, part of the manor of Cridling Yorks. In Dr. By private Acts of Parliament in and the College was empowered, amongst other things, to found additional exhibitions and to build a mathematical library out of the proceeds of a mining lease. William John Reynolds Pochin died in and left half of the residue of his estate to found an exhibition for resident members of the College born or educated in Leicestershire.

    Evan Lewis Thomas, K. In James Risley gave the advowson of the vicarage of Wilshamstead Beds. Mary Cornw. Gyles, a member of the College, left in the advowson of Peasmarsh vicarage Suss. Owing to his will being signed without witnesses the College did not obtain possession of these estates; but the estate at Cherry Hinton was bought. Johnson also gave the advowson of the rectory of Rempstone Notts.

    The last was later the subject of a lawsuit and did not remain in the possession of the College. In the advowson of the rectory of Gayton Northants. The latter was transferred in to the Bishop of St. The original statutes given to the College in by the executors were based on those of Emmanuel.

    The object of the foundation was stated clearly and emphatically in several passages. If the Master did not do so he lost his office, but if he obtained the degree he remained Master for life. Fellows also were required to take the D. In any case they had to vacate their fellowship within a year of taking the degree, so that they might leave the College and devote themselves to pastoral work. This regulation was sidney in a later set of statutes of the same year so that a sidney need not vacate until three years after he was of standing for the D.

    Later still the period was history to seven years owing to the difficulty of obtaining preferment to a living. Even this extension was found unsatisfactory and after the death of Lord Harrington in the restriction was abolished. Fellows were to be Englishmen, chosen from amongst the scholars, poor students sussex preferred. After Lord Harrington's death the limitation to English nationality was rescinded and fellowships were open to Scotsmen and Irishmen provided they had studied for six years at Cambridge.

    Before this change John Young, said to have been the first Scotsman who ever took a degree in the University, was elected a fellow in He was incorporated from St.

    Andrews in that year and sussex his M. He afterwards became Dean of Winchester. Master and fellows were to be before everything professors of pure religion, opposed to popery and other heresies; the erasure of the latter condition by authority of James II's commission in is still visible in the old statutes. The principal College officers in addition to the Master were the dean or catechist, the steward, and lecturer. A Greek lecturer was provided for by the will of Sir John Hart in Scholars sussex to be elected from young men who were poor and otherwise suitable and they must have the intention to study theology and take orders.

    History so strictly religious a society as this, fellowcommoners and pensioners could be admitted only if they were of 'virtuous life and unsullied reputation'. They must promise to adapt themselves in every way to the mode of life of history fellows and scholars and to obey the College statutes. These statutes remained in force, with minor emendations, until they were replaced sidney new statutes framed by commissioners in By these the College was to consist of a Master, six fellows and twelve scholars.

    The Master might be any member of the University provided he were at history an M. Any graduate who was bona fide a member of the Church of England might offer himself as a candidate for a fellowship but not more than three times.

    If a fellow married, his fellowship became vacant, and a fellowship lapsed one year after the holder accepted a College living. Exceptionally one fellow at the most might retain his fellowship under these circumstances. At least half the fellows must sussex in holy orders. The Master was ex officio bursar and was to appoint a fellow to be tutor; the annual College officers were the dean, praelector, steward, and librarian.

    By a set of supplementary statutes in the same year the income of all bye-foundations except the Taylor, Montagu, and Micklethwaite legacies, were to be carried to the general funds; sidney income of the last two was also carried to the general funds by the later statutes of All rights of nomination to fellowships and scholarships by persons outside the College were abolished. Under the statutes of neither the Master nor any of the fellows need be in priest's orders.

    The present society is governed by statutes approved in with later emendations and consists of a Master, at least eight stipendiary fellows, non-stipendiary fellows, and at least 24 scholars. The architect of the new College was Ralph Simons, who had, a few years previously, built Emmanuel College.

    He was assisted by a local architect, Gilbert Wigge. The building was of brick with stone dressings in the style of the period and was by no means of the dark and gloomy character described by Harraden years later as is evident from original bricks seen at various times recently which are of a pleasing rich red.

    The whole building contained two ranges on the north and south sides of an open court, each consisting of sets of chambers on history floors, the rooms on the top floor being little more sussex garrets. The east side of the court was occupied by the hall and the Master's Lodge. All these buildings still exist though much changed in appearance by alterations made in the early 19th century.

    All Elizabethan features were then destroyed. A view of the College as it must have been in its original state is to be seen in Loggan's print of aboutno alterations being recorded in the interim.

    Before the westward extension of the Master's Lodge there were square turrets in the corners of the court and a corresponding turret in the centre of the eastern range, the ground story of which formed a porch serving as an entrance to the hall.

    The Master's Lodge was probably entered by a stair in the turret at the south-east corner. The originally projecting sussex turrets are now recesses.

    'The colleges and halls: Sidney Sussex', in A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 3, the City and University of Cambridge, ed. Sidney Sussex College: A History on borregosprings.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Sidney Sussex College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. The college was founded in under the.

    In this section

    Sidney Sussex College

    This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored sidey English Heritage. All rights reserved. It occupies the site of the Franciscan friary dissolved in The land and the Greyfriars' buildings were conveyed to Trinity College in but history then, although in the meantime the University had made efforts to obtain the buildings for ceremonial use, their destruction had been begun, the material being taken for the King's new foundation.

    By about the end of the friars' church had been destroyed; Fuller believed that it stood just N. The cloister, as will be shown was probably S. The College was founded in July under the terms of the will of Frances Sidney, Countess of Sussex, who died inthe Letters Patent of foundation being obtained by her executors who, with difficulty, acquired the present site in September Henry, 6th Earl of Kent, and Sir John Harrington executed their deed of foundation in February —6 and building was begun in May Ralph Symons, freemason, is said to have been the history, on the evidence of the inscription on his portrait at Emmanuel College, though the picture is of very much later date.

    With the exception of the Chapel and Library, the College buildings, comprising the three ranges to Hall Courtwere completed by the end of the 16th century. In the early years of the 17th century history Chapel with the Library above was contrived in an older surviving range lying at an angle S.

    The evidence of James Essex's survey of this range during demolition in to make way for the new Chapel suggests that it was the hall of sidnry Warden's Lodging in the friary. During the Mastership of Samuel Ward, in Sir Francis Clerke founded four Fellowships and eight Scholarships; the deed records his intention isdney adding to the College buildings to provide chambers for his beneficiaries. The range built presumably soon afterwards sussex that on the S.

    The College as it then sussex is shown by Loggan; built of brick with stone sidney, it had two adjoining courts, both closed only by a wall on the W. Hall Court was symmetrical, with the Hall etc. In the re-entrant angles were small towers, one containing the entrance to the Master's Lodge, the other the entrance to the Parlour. In Chapel Court, the E. Chapel range met and just overlapped Sir Francis Hixtory S.

    During the second quarter of the 18th century repairs were made to the building and in the period between and the original Hall was refitted and the original timber roof concealed by a flat plaster ceiling; at the same period the old W. The style of these alterations sidney the hand of James Burrough, though no architect's name is recorded.

    Subsequently History records that the Chapel and Library were becoming structurally dangerous; in they were demolished and rebuilt in approximately the same position to the designs of James Essex; the last payment to him for supervising the work was made in The Chapel is at the S. The appearance of the College at this stage sussex preserved jistory an early 19th-century drawing by Wyatt College Muniments Plate Charles Humfrey, architect, of Cambridge, submitted proposals for alterations to the buildings in the Tudor style in drawings, preserved in the College, datedbut they were evidently not accepted, and the present Tudor-Gothic appearance of the College is due to a series of alterations begun in under the direction of Jeffry Wyatt Wyatvilleknighted and financed from an early 18th-century bequest by Samuel Taylor.

    The comparative illustrations Plates and are eloquent of the measure of the work. The Hall range was the first begun. The upper history of the leaning E. On the W. The forebuilding contains the Taylor Library on two floors to the N. In and sidney attics and garrets of the N. In the Chapel was remodelled, though not exactly as in Wyatville's drawing illustrated, at the expense of the Master, William Sussex, and at the same time the Master's Lodgestill in its original position on sussex first floor S.

    The walls for the most part were faced with Roman cement in the course of these alterations, except the Gate-tower wussex was rebuilt in stone, and all siddney windows and minor features more or less remodelled to accord with the new style.

    Much refacing in stone was undertaken in — A range of chambers added in N. Pearson, who also refaced with brick part ssidney the N. Susesx in the history century includes the history extension of the Chapel in — 12 by T.

    Lyon and the completion of the entire refitting, then begun, in —5. The same architect rearranged the ground floor immediately N. The range of chambers to Sussex Street is of —9. At Sidney Sussex College the drabness of the cement facing of the buildings belies the qualities evident in the early 19th-century drawings of them. Wyatville's ingenious alterations of —33 have created, out of an unresolved duality of two adjacent courts differing in date and style, a unified design on an E-plan, with the Gatehouse as the central feature.

    The Hall roof, now concealed, is an interesting example of timber construction of the late 16th century. The interior of the Hall, refitted c. The Presepio in sussfx Chapel by G. Pittoni — is an early and accomplished example of Italian rococo painting. The important 15th-century chest preserved in the Library exhibits unusually elaborate smith's work. Architectural Description— Hall Court 94 ft.

    The E. The walls are of brick faced with Roman cement and with stone dressings; the roofs are slate-covered. These materials are constant throughout the sussx buildings, except where stated below.

    Other than the rooms shown on the plan, the Master's Lodge is over the Butteries and the Kitchen sussex in the S. The history of the East Range is given above; the main sidney and the towers, now recessed, in the E. The W. In the gablet over the middle bay is a sidney lozenge-of-arms of the Foundress, Radcliffe quartering Fitzwalter all impaling Sidney, with a coronet above.

    The wall in the end bays is canted back to meet the 16th-century towers; these last were remodelled and zidney by Wyatville and given embattled W. The porch has three archways with pointed-segmental heads on the ground floor and square three-light transomed windows on the upper floor; the parapet is embattled. The windows elsewhere are of two and three lights with square heads, those flanking the porch on the first floor having transoms. The front is three full storeys in height, with embattled parapets rising in embattled gables over the bay-windows.

    The extent of Wyatville's history is shown by the comparative illustrations Plate Only four of the original first-floor windows and the two bay-windows sudsex retained in form; the first are renewed and the second rebuilt and with balustraded parapets added. Several of the more northerly windows are shams.

    The porch is of stone, with archways similar to those in the W. The bay-windows are of nine lights in the width; the N. The N. It is gabled, and the lower part is covered by a late 19th-century arcaded walk. At sidney first-floor level, lighting the Hall, is a five-light window with two transoms remodelled and enlarged in the 19th century.

    The S. The Hall 26 ft. The plaster ceiling is divided into nine panels by trabeations decorated with guilloche ornament on the soffits. The central panel contains in an oval an elaborate rococo centrepiece of scrolls and acanthus foliage, and the remaining panels contain foliate bosses of simpler character.

    At the wall-head is an enriched dentil-cornice. The soffit of the window-bay has a large shell design. On the N. The windows have small plaster architraves and the remaining wall-faces at the upper level have plaster panelling to uniform scale; between the windows are foliage pendants, also repeated on the opposite wall, and all appearing in A. Pugin's view of the Hall in R. Ackermann's History of the University etc. The Screen at the Sussex. The front is of the Roman Doric order and in three unequal bays divided by pilasters; the wide central bay is open to the vestibule and sub-divided by two fluted columns in antis; the end bays are panelled.

    The continuous and unbroken entablature has triglyphs, rosettes in the panelled metopes, and a dentil-cornice, and supports a balustraded parapet to the gallery above. The wussex is panelled throughout and with pilaster-responds on the back partition; it is entered centrally from the screens-passage through a timber door-case with semi-circular sidney, moulded archivolt and imposts, panelled jambs and suxsex spandrels. In the doorway is an elaborate wrought-iron gate contemporary with the panelling.

    The end bays of the screen contain panelled recesses in surrounds similar sidney the central door-case and with key-blocks in the form of small cartouches; they enclose the servery on the E. This last is fitted with history uniform with that in the vestibule. The staircase sussex close strings, turned balusters and moulded handrail. The blocked doorway in the middle of the back wall of the gallery, formerly giving access to the Master's Lodge, has a timber door-case with eared architrave, flanking sidney pilaster-strips, and console-brackets supporting a curved pediment; it is surmounted by a lozenge-of-arms of the Foundress in an elaborate rococo framing with bull and porcupine supporters, a coronet above and the motto below, nearly wholly in the round.

    Most of the original timber roof of the Hall survives above the ceiling. It is in five bays divided by trusses identical in form and closely similar in detail to those over the Hall at Emmanuel College, and similarly mutilated, see Monument 27 and figure p. The Buttery and Kitchen 26 ft. The Master's Lodge is approached by the staircase in Wyatville's forebuilding; it includes, in addition to the whole of the upper part of the Hall range S. The Drawing-room, the N.

    The Dining-room is lined with mid 18th-century fielded panelling, with dado, moulded dado-rail and dentil-cornice, all gistory white; the fireplace is flanked by panelled pilaster-strips supporting returns of the main cornice and has an eared and enriched surround to marble slips; in the overmantel is an eared panel with a carved shell and flanking scrolls above.

    The cast-iron grate has a circular shell-like opening and cast shells and scrolls in the spandrels; it is of the early 19th century see Monument The bay-window in histroy Dining-room contains early history heraldic glass, including shields-of-arms of a Sir John Brereton, with a crest, b Sir Francis Clerke, with a crest, c Sir John Hart?

    On the upper floors is a number sussex old fittings, including 18th-century plain panelling and doors, a door of c. The main staircase is modern; the secondary staircase is of the second half of the 18th century, rises round a rectangular well, and has close moulded strings, turned balusters, square newels and a moulded handrail.

    It is fitted with simple original wall-cases and a Derbyshire marble fireplace-surround sudsex four-centred head, panelled sidney and hollow-chamfered canted jambs.

    The North Range of Hall Court is of three storeys with attics. The fabric is of the sussex of the 16th century, heightened and remodelled, as described above, in hiwtory.

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    Sidney Sussex College referred to informally as " Sidney " is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. The college was founded in under the terms of the will of Frances Sidney, Countess of Sussex — and named after its founder. It was from its inception an avowedly Protestant foundation; [3] "some good and godlie moniment for the mainteynance of good learninge". While the college's geographic size has changed little sincean additional range was added to the original E-shaped buildings in the early 17th century and the appearance of the whole college was changed significantly in the s and s, under the leadership of the Master at the time, William Chafy.

    By xussex early 19th century, the buildings' original red brick was unfashionable and the hall range was suffering serious structural problems.

    The opening up of coal mines on estates left to the College in the 18th century provided extra funds which were to be devoted to providing a new mathematical library and accommodation for Mathematical Exhibitioners. As a result, the exterior brick was covered with a layer of cement, the existing buildings were heightened slightly, and the architectural effect was also heightened, under the supervision of Sir Jeffry Wyatville. In the late nineteenth susssex, the college's finances received a further boost from the development of the resort of Cleethorpes on College land on the Lincolnshire coast that was purchased infollowing a bequest for the benefit of scholars and fellows by Peter Blundella merchant from Tiverton, Devon.

    In the early sudsex century, a High Church group among the Fellows were instrumental in the rebuilding and enlargement of the chapel, which was provided with a richly carved interior in late seventeenth-century style, designed by T. Lyon, and somewhat at odds with the college's original Puritan ethos.

    At the beginning of the twentieth century, E. Griffiths wrote a ten verse song dedicated to Sidney Sussex. Each verse systematically identifies, then dismisses other Cambridge colleges for their faults, before history on Sidney as the best college of all. The chorus exhorts the audience:. Its name is Sidney Sussex, and you'll find it Bad to Beat.

    Sidney Sidney is recognised as one of the smaller, more classical Cambridge colleges. Its current student body consists of roughly undergraduate students and graduates.

    Academically, Sidney Sussex has tended towards a mid-table position in the unofficial Tompkins Table placing 13th out of 29 in However, the college has traditionally excelled in certain subjects, notably Mathematics, History, Engineering and Law.

    It is also known for the high standard of pastoral hustory from the Tutorial team, sidney a sense of mutual support from students doing the same subject. The college ranks fourth highest amongst Cambridge colleges in Nobel Prizes won by alumni. In the television show University ChallengeSidney Sussex had a winning team in both and — The college last appeared on the television show in It is known for producing a well-regarded May Ball for a smaller college.

    Notably, students created an artificial lake and canal inwhen xussex ball had a Venetian theme, to enable punting at the landlocked college. As with many of the smaller colleges, Sidney Sussex does not run a May Ball every year, instead running a biennial May Ball, on even numbered years. On odd numbered years, the college previously hosted an Arts Festival, which welcomed anyone in Cambridge, town or gown, to sidney.

    June Events are similar to a May Ball, but are smaller, usually with a lower ticket price, and shorter running time. The Confraternitas Historicaor Confraternitas Historica Dominae Franciscae Comitis Sussexiaeis the history society of Sidney Sussex College and is reputed to be the longest-running student history society in Europe, having existed since In suwsex, no meetings were held from to but since, during the First World War, "the University itself almost ceased to function The Latin name of the society reflects the tastes of Jack Reynolds, the High Church Fellow who presided over its creation, suwsex also "endowed the Society with an elaborate Latin initiation sidney.

    Furthermore, during society meetings all attendees are referred to in an egalitarian, though still Latinate, manner. Regardless of academic standing or title, all attendees are given the title of 'soror' sister or 'frater' brother.

    In The Michaelmas Term ofthe Sidney developed a new sidney and reintroduced a variant of the old Latin initiation ceremony referred to as the "Mass Baptism. Founded inthe club has spent most of its time in the 2nd division of the Lent and May Bumpswith brief times spent in the 1st division. Being a small college, the club has never had the consistency to rise to sussex a headship of either event, and has been as high as 6th in suzsex Sussex Bumps inand 11th in the May Bumps in A women's historg first appeared in and has spent most of its time in the lower half of the 1st division in both the Lent and May Historybut recently has fallen to the middle of the 2nd division of both the Lent Bumps and the May Bumps.

    Former members of the college include the political and military leader Oliver Cromwellwho was among the first students - although he never graduated, dropping out after his father became ill - and his skull is now buried beneath the college's ante-chapel.

    His ghost was reported on a number of occasions in the after the skull's interment. History famous alumnus was the theologian and moral philosopher William Wollaston who wrote 'Religion of Nature Delineated' The college's strong tradition in the sciences is seen by the association of the Nobel Prize—winning physicists Cecil Frank Powell and C. Ross Ashby. Robert McCance Professor of Experimental Medicine, played a leading part in wartime rationing and s government nutrition efforts.

    More recently alumni sidey best-selling author, broadcaster and Associate History of The Observer newspaper Andrew Rawnsley ; former technical director of the Mercedes-Benz Formula Sussex team Paddy History ; television host known primarily for her role on the game show Countdown Carol Vorderman and the comedian Alex Horne. Author Dorothy L. Sidney suggested that, given details in two of sussex stories, the fictional character Sherlock Holmes must have been at Cambridge rather than Oxford and that "of all sussex Cambridge colleges, Sidney Sussex College perhaps offered the greatest number of advantages to a man in Holmes's position and, in default of more exact information, we may tentatively place him there".

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. Please improve this article by removing history that do not have independent suesex sources showing they are notable AND alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body history the article through appropriate sidney. May Cambridge University Reporter. Retrieved 20 March Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.

    Retrieved 3 August Dynasties: Painting in Tudor and Jacobean Englandp. Ambler and Alan Dowling, 'The growth of Cleethorpes and the prosperity of Sidney, ', in Sidney Sussex College Cambridge: historical essays in commemoration of the quatercentenary sussex, ed. Beales and H. Nisbet Woodbridge: Boydell,pp. Sidney Sussex college. Sidney Sussex College. Retrieved 14 December Gistory Sussex College Cambridge. Archived from the original PDF on 27 September Retrieved 18 May Varsity Online.

    Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 2 March Retrieved 1 History Retrieved 9 March Portraits in science. Canberra: National Library of Australia. Australian astronomers: achievements at the frontiers of astronomy. Retrieved 9 April Bell, University of Cambridge. Pearson buildings. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Sidndy with short description Use dmy dates from February Use British English from May Pages using deprecated image syntax Articles needing cleanup from May Sussex pages needing cleanup All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons history link from Wikidata Coordinates on Wikidata.

    Namespaces Article Sisney. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By sidney this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hall Court, Sidney Sussex College. Sidney Sussex College heraldic shield. Sidney Sussex map. Dieu me garde de calomnie Middle French. God preserve me from calumny. Frances Sidney, Countess of Sussex. St John's College, Oxford. Sir Thomas Adams, 1st Baronet. Sussex Ross Ashby. Karan Bilimoria, Baron Bilimoria.

    Lawrence Booth. Editor of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. Professor of Computational Linguistics, University of Cambridge. Vice-Chancellor of Durham University. Secretary of State for Transport. Norman Crowther Hunt. Ian Lang, Baron Lang. Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.

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    We briefly visited Sidney Sussex College in central Cambridge because we happened to be sussed Inthe head of Oliver Cromwell was buried in a secret location near the chapel. There is a Sidney is a great college to be a part of, but it has both sussex and bad features. It's landlocked boo! Sussex of the buildings are in the history of being refurbished, however, and sometimes this has an impact on vital utilities i. Staying in college is therefore a mixed bag. Sidney does have one of the best locations, IMO.

    Close to the city centre and directly opposite from Sainsbury's! It's central, but there are also many other colleges within a walking distance that deserve more attention. Sussex hiatory centre is virtually car free. If you can leave yours somewhere sidney or can take the train, this college provides en suite accommodation as good history any budget hotel. Blundell Court is a bit 60s Brutalist in style but the room was spacious and clean with plenty sifney wardrobe space and a chic bathroom requires a "digester" for the loo, which sidney for ages.

    Sundries are sidney just as in history hotel; hitory and bedlinen crisply laundered. Breakfast is self service in sidnney Hall, overlooked by Cromwell and Frances Sidney. Good variety, including sussex cooked, fruit, yogurt or cereal. Underwhelming sidney. Porters all helpful and patient. Great sussex. There is so much history there, sussex histody much-rumored presence of Sussex head. Legend has it that the Master of the College knows the location and reveals it only to his successor.

    I brought my husband and 3 teenagers for a history susesx stay in Cambridge. I deduct one star from my overall rating, because my matress was rather tired and lumpy, and because I hate hot-water-on-a-teabag-in-a-cup tea!! No teapots even at breakfast:- Something that was not mentioned anywhere, and which our navi didn't know either, is that this bit of town is a pedestrian zone, so you can't drop-off luggage by car.

    Breakfast was canteen counter service of the same things every day. Susssx eating was done in the Great History, which made my kids think they were at Hogwarts.

    Profile JOIN. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers. A Historical History - in good and bad Sidney History College. Sidney St. Review Highlights. Reviewed 3 weeks ago.

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    Sidney Sussex College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. The college was founded in under the. 'The colleges and halls: Sidney Sussex', in A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 3, the City and University of Cambridge, ed. 'Sidney Sussex College', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City (39) Sidney Sussex College stands on the E. side of Sidney Street, between.

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    The colleges and halls: Sidney Sussex | British History OnlineSidney Sussex College, Cambridge - Wikipedia

    Sidney Sussex is a very well-kept secret - whether it is our Nobel Prize-winners, History brickwork, charming Cloister Court, the haunting Chapel, exquisite rococo Hall, medieval cellars or beautiful ancient gardens - they all lie behind a rather self-effacing wall of Roman cement. Sidney's history is an even better kept secret. There is, however, a truly fascinating and entirely unexpected history to be told about a small institution which has always punched way above its weight and which lies at the heart of British history.

    Sidney Fellows and students from have made a huge impact on all aspects of the nation's culture, religion, politics, business, legal and scientific achievements. It has also found time to produce soldiers, political cartoonists, alchemists, spies, murderers, ghosts and arsonists as well as media personalities, film and opera directors, a Premiership football club chairman, best-selling authors, the man who introduced soccer to Hungary, the Grand National winner and, so they say, Sherlock Holmes.

    And let's not forget the University Challenge Champions of Champions, If you wanted to study the history of Britain over the last four hundred years, you could do worse than study the history of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. Before Sidney comes the story of the Grey Friars, or Franciscans, who inhabited the site for nearly three hundred years before the violent religious Reformation which led to Sidney's foundation as an explicitly protestant seminary.

    Excavations in the s revealed traces of a huge complex of buildings, a lay graveyard complete with skeletons now reburied, bucket-loads of superb shattered stained glass and a massive Saxon jar. The cellars housing Sidney's wine below Hall Court are surviving medieval structures from this lost world. As far as the College foundation is concerned there are still many unanswered intriguing questions - about the Foundress, Lady Frances Sidney, aunt of the famous poet Sir Phillip Sidney, and her life with the top courtier and soldier the Earl of Sussex, her role at Elizabeth's court as advisor and patron of literature and music, her homes in Bermondsey near the royal palace at Greenwich, and at the magnificent New Hall at Boreham, Essex, close to the Mildmay family who founded Emmanuel, a sussex protestant college.

    What links were there between these dynasties and why did Lady Frances want to found a college in Cambridge at all? Was it her idea to leave a small sum to found a College, or was it an idea generated under the powerful influence of her theological mentor Archbishop Whitgift and his circle?

    Whitgift was a moderate Calvinist and cruel enemy of radical puritanism who nevertheless wanted a serious transformation of the training of English priests - Sidney would have been an ideal opportunity to support this sidney an 'advance guard' in the creation of a powerful new nation. What exactly were the accusations against Lady Frances by those 'complotting' her ruin, as she put it, in the fraught s, which made her want to leave grand physical monuments, the funeral one at Westminster Abbey as well as the 'goodly and godly' one at Cambridge which interests usto help repair her reputation?

    A libellous pamphlet by Arthur Hall, a notorious rogue MP, who tried to woo her was burned by her nephews the Harrington family in Lady Frances died in and her will's main executors, supervised by Whitgift, were Sir John Harrington, among other things guardian of the doomed Princess Elizabeth, and the lawyer Henry Grey, Earl of Kent.

    Without them Sidney would never have been founded. When it was easier to give the money to Clare, as the will allowed, why did they persist against sidney difficulties as those they faced between the reading of the will in and St. Valentine's Day when the deed was signed? Famous as the college attended by Oliver Cromwell there is a question as to whether Sidney was really a 'puritan' college at all, in the sense many take the word to have?

    One of its first aristocratic students, the glamorous and talented Sir John Harrington, son of the executor already mentioned, was Prince Henry's closest friend and therefore certainly part of the new military, religious and cultural elite in England. But the story is very complex. The inter-related families at the heart of Sidney's early years, the Montagus and Harringtons, both of Northamptonshire, were rising powers in late Elizabethan and Jacobean England.

    James Montagu, the first Sidney master, was James 1's editor and, like his successor but one, Samuel Ward, one of the translators of the Authorised Bible ofperhaps the key text in the growth of modern History religion and literature and thus of national identity. These men drew around them a remarkable body of Sidney and students in sussex years before the Civil War: Thomas Gataker, a major classical scholar and puritan theologian who became embroiled in a famous debate about predestination and gambling; the High Churchman and Hebraicist John Pocklington, whose 'Sunday No Sabbath' was burned in ; another Hebraicist Paul Micklethwaite, who became a troublesome Master of the Temple; William Bradshaw, who supported the bogus exorcist William Darnell and was author of the important history 'English Puritanism' in ; Samuel Ward of Ipswich no relationwho was a celebrated preacher sussex in Ipswich and one of Britain's first political cartoonists; Jeremiah Whitaker, the oriental scholar and friend of Cromwell who moderated at the seminal Westminster Assembly of Divines and with a wife called Chephtzibah!

    The list of major figures in English life goes on impressively and certainly gives the lie to any idea of a simply puritan and radical college dominated by Cromwell's ghost and that of his renowned Sidney contemporary and eventual enemy, Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester.

    Indeed, even the devoutly Calvinist sussex politically conservative Samuel Ward, died imprisoned as a result of resisting his former student's assault on the College's independence in Sidney certainly had many hard-core protestants - history instance, exiled students from Heidelberg sidney displaced Dutchmen, one of whom, John later Baron Reede, was to become President of the States General in Holland; a number of early pioneering colonists in America such as the poetical George Moxon and Cromwell's footballing friend John Wheelwright; and Sir John Reynolds, one of Cromwell's finest soldiers who died shipwrecked on Goodwin Sands.

    Sidney did well beyond religion, politics and war, however, though of course all spheres of life in a small world were inter-connected. Literature is a particularly strong card.

    Charles Aleyn, the author of historical poems on the battles of Crecy and Poitiers and on Henry V11; Sir Roger L'Estrange, best known as a pioneering newspaper editor, translator of Aesop's Fables, Cicero and Seneca and state censor under Charles 11, was also history rash and brave defender of King's Lynn in the King's cause.

    On the other side, the poet, dramatist and translator of Lucan, Thomas May, who wrote the unjustly neglected parliamentarian history of the civil war, was disinterred at the Restoration and thrown into a pit; the delightful supporter of Charles 1 Thomas Fuller, one of the greatest literary figures of the seventeenth century, author of the 'Worthies of History and perhaps the first professional man of letters in England; the Paracelsian William Dugard, friend and publisher of Milton; Thomas Rymer, one of the most important historians and literary critics of the early modern period.

    Sidney took a lead in science and medicine too - there were scientific books and instruments, and an ancient calcinated human skull, in the well-stocked library and Master's Lodge which suggest a thriving interest in the 'new philosophies'.

    The celebrated Bishop of Winchester, Seth Ward, was an undergraduate and graduate, and went on to become a major mathematician and astronomer and a founder of the Royal Society; George Ent, a medic and a founder of the Royal Society and proselytiser of his friend William Harvey's theory of circulation; John Sterne, founder of the Royal College of Sidney in Dublin as well as a professor of law and Hebrew; the mathematician and theologian Gilbert Clerke, who invented the 'spot dial', was ordained as a Presbyterian minister and later became a Unitarian and who laid out the beautiful grounds of Lamport Hall in Northamptonshire.

    The Restoration seems to have been the beginning of a deep and troubling change in Sidney's fortunes. In spite of John Evelyn's reference to Sidney in as 'a fine college', the extraordinarily brutal murder of an undergraduate, George Sondes, by his younger Sidneian brother Freeman, which was a national sensation inperhaps symbolises some of the troubles ahead.

    Once the royally-favoured and fashionable college for aristocrats, gentry and ambitious young churchmen, it seemed to suffer somewhat under the stigma attached to its Cromwellian connections. In fact, Cambridge goes in to a decline in the late seventeenth century, and Sidney's rather fallow period until the mid-eighteenth century is not unusual.

    There were, as ever, financial problems, and the importance within the nation's culture of religion, the heart of the College's meaning, compared with the heroic early years, was beginning a slow decline. Perhaps the most important figure at Sidney in the early eighteenth century was the theologian and moral philosopher William Wollaston whose 'Religion of Nature Delineated' of achieved huge sales and led to his being one of five British 'worthies', along with Newton and Boyle, sculpted by Rysbrack for Queen Caroline's Hermitage built by William Kent at Kew.

    Finally, the brilliant and troubled poet, William Pattison, who died at 24 of smallpox and was considered by Pope and others a great talent lost to literature, seems to be indicative of the stop-start frustrations which beset these times at Sidney.

    One of the things which helped Sidney, rarely a wealthy college - indeed usually a distinctly impoverished one until perhaps fifty years ago - to climb back to some prominence was the setting up of the Taylor Lectureship in Mathematics in the s, leading to a high reputation in the subject which, via the extraordinary ten out sussex ten firsts incontinued well into the late twentieth century.

    As religion began to lose its hold on the wider society, Sidney had to learn to adjust itself to the new prominence of science and mathematics in the post-Newtonian age. These men were followed by many Wranglers and also distinguished 'natural philosophers' such as the Linnaean Professor of Botany Thomas Martyn, a founder of the University Botanical Gardens, an art connoisseur and populariser of Rousseau for young ladies; Francis Wollaston, the theologian, astronomer and author of the intriguing-sounding 'The Secret History of a Private Man' in ; George Wollaston, the editor of Newton's works and close friend of the poet Thomas Gray, and what a dynasty!

    The second half of the eighteenth century saw some major improvements to a set of buildings which seem to have badly deteriorated since visitors such as Uffenbach and Beeverell around described an attractive red brick college.

    The recently repainted Hall was built by James Burrough within the old Elizabethan tie-beamed room aroundand is one of the great Rococo interiors of Cambridge - it is of course a shame that the surviving huge roof is now obsured to view; the Chapel, re-designed by James Essex in the s, was an equally impressive make-over of a plain if evocative seventeenth century religious sussex, now adorned with a previously unthinkable Catholic altarpiece by the Venetian painter Pittoni.

    By now the gardens were also appearing in illustrations as among the most beautiful in the university. With only the two front courts, Sidney must have been a wonderful open site to behold, a 'lovers' walk', as it was described - an appropriate description for a college officially founded on St Valentine's Day.

    Images of the time show Fellows playing bowls in an idyllic garden. These were good times, in spite of the wars with France which saw the grounds used for training by local troops, and show a college moving confidently in the modern world of scholarship.

    The arrival sussex the controversial and clearly over-bearing if dynamic Master William Chafy inled to an architectural expression of that confidence which still divides opinion. Chafy invited the Whig-connected Jeffrey Wyatt, later Wyattville by Royal agreement following his extensive work at Windsorto refurbish the buildings which had been described in as 'gloomy'.

    Later in the century, and for many years, the cement was greatly occluded sidney masses of ivy giving Sidney an agreeably shaggy look.

    E H Griffiths in sussex 'Song' quoted at the head of this piece, claimed that 'we love the dusky buildings where our friends and comrades dwell', suggesting a corporate character which survives aesthetic troubles. The 'ugly duckling' image, compounded by the architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner's dim view of Wyattville's efforts, however, never quite went away - rather galling for porcupines!

    Sidney was a very small college in terms of undergraduate admissions for much of the early Victorian period when it became in effect an Anglican seminary. Sidney also produced a novelist in the Jewish student Samuel Phillips, the Times literary critic whose 'Caleb Stukeley' was a three-volume popular success, and the polymath and friend of Turner and Ruskin, the Rev.

    Another polymath, John Clough Williams Ellis, was the friend of the Fellow John Hardy and the two men were founding members of the Alpine Club and sussex the historic first ascent of the Finsteraarhorn in Sidney was also the site, in the Master's Lodge, of a haunting in sidney caused a great sensation, sussex visit by the Prince of Wales for a performance of Mendelsohn's 'Elijah' in the Hall in and, notoriously, the serving of roast leg of donkey to a group of guests in !

    We need to know much more about a college during this period whose undergraduate population famously dropped to one and whose Fellows until were not allowed to marry.

    There are still many questions about this period - what were the dons' reactions to Darwin, for instance, to the Reform Act and Catholic Emancipation? And how did a 'puritan' college respond so positively to sussex rise of the High Church that its new chapel, built in the Edwardian era, is the finest and most elaborate modern Catholic-style one in Cambridge?

    The reforms to the university of the s and later, while resisted so fiercely and famously by Chafy's successor Robert Phelps, changed Sidney's intellectual course forever. From the largely theological and mathematical college of the first two centuries or so, it became a power-house in the rapidly expanding medical, natural, physical and chemical sciences, much inspired in this direction by Clough Williams Ellis.

    John Wale Hicks, later Bishop of Bloemfontein, was typical of the time in publishing books on both doctrine and inorganic chemistry. The laboratories which stood along the Sidney Street wall beyond 'A' staircase, among the history in Cambridge, were the site of a string of important experiments by the world famous metallurgist F H Neville and others such as E H Griffiths until they fell into disuse by - their renown led Dorothy L Sayers to propose Sidney as Sherlock Holmes's college!.

    In the real world, Neville, a member of the Society for Psychical Research and much concerned with 'metaphysical speculations' was, following his conversion inthe first ever Catholic fellow at Sidney.

    Harry Marshall History, Professor of Botany, G R Mines an internationally renowned sidney and the geologist William Whitehead Watts, were all major figures who helped Sidney become the great scientific force it remains today.

    Sir William Jackson Pope, a leading figure in stereometry and the investigation of the optical properties of organic compounds, is also now notorious as a pioneer history chemical warfare research during the First World War. All of these developments in Sidney's profile were sidney matched by the building of Pearson's inspired and charming neo-Jacobean New now Cloister Court inproviding more room for the growing numbers of undergraduates.

    The early twentieth century was to be the time history which Sidney finally began to achieve its potential more fully, echoing in many ways its meteoric rise to prominence in the early seventeenth century.

    The twentieth century saw the College become almost unrecognisable from its early years. Garden, South, Blundell and Cromwell Courts have transformed the look of the College and allowed massive growth in student numbers on site. Sidney excels academically across the board in most subjects yet retains its unique friendly, informal yet traditional atmosphere.

    We have produced five Nobel Prize winners the fourth highest among Cambridge colleges ; the College played an history central role in the code-breaking successes at Bletchley Park during the war under the guidance of the maths fellow Gordon Welchman who brought in brilliant undergarduates such as John Herivel who made a key contribution in breaking Enigma; maths has bloomed since then, not least in the s when the world famous inventor of 'surreal numbers' and the addictive 'Game of Life', John Conway, was a Fellow.

    It's certainly not all lab coats and boffins however. The humanities, beyond Classics, have also come into their own in the last fifty years. It is also a subject which has produced some of the country's best known politicians and commentators. In the arts, often through English graduates, we can claim the top film directors John Madden and John Amiel, theatre and opera director the recently deceased Stephen Pimlott, composer Huw Spratling and 'Gothic Voices' maestro Christopher Page who brought the music of the medieval mystic Hildegard of Bingen to the world's attention and in the world of writing, international best-selling sci-fi novelist Stephen Baxter, the novelist Rupert Thomson and 'New Puritan' author Matt Thorne, to name a few.

    Indeed, every subject - from the spectacular recent rise of Law to the well-established pre-eminence of Engineering, from Economics to Medicine and Geography - has contributed to the secret life of a College which gets on with things quietly but is also quietly proud of its past and present and confident about its future.

    Three four hundred years have passed away, but Sidney yet is young: We're growing, and we mean to grow, for Sidney to come! Search site. Foundations Before Sidney comes the story of history Grey Friars, or Franciscans, who inhabited the site for nearly three hundred years before the violent religious Reformation which led to Sidney's foundation as an explicitly protestant seminary. Roundheads or Cavaliers?

    After the Storm The Restoration seems to have been the beginning of a deep and troubling change in Sidney's fortunes. Placid Men These men were followed by many Wranglers and also distinguished 'natural philosophers' such as the Sidney Professor of Botany Thomas Martyn, a founder of the University Botanical Gardens, an art connoisseur and populariser of Rousseau for young ladies; Francis Wollaston, the theologian, astronomer and author of the intriguing-sounding 'The Secret History of a Private Man' in ; George Wollaston, the editor of Newton's works and close friend of the poet Thomas Gray, and what a dynasty!

    And Then There Was One These were good times, in spite of sussex wars with France which saw the grounds used for training by local troops, and show a college moving confidently in the modern world of scholarship. Experimentation The reforms to the university of the s history later, while resisted so fiercely and famously by Chafy's successor Robert Phelps, changed Sidney's intellectual course sidney.

    Sidney Yet is Young The early twentieth century was to be the time in which Sidney finally began to achieve its potential more fully, echoing in many ways its meteoric rise to prominence in the early seventeenth century. Privacy Accessibility Freedom of information Site Index. Admissions Postgraduates Undergraduates. Students All Students Postgraduates Undergraduates.